The Ghana’s Ministry of Health on Tuesday, 15th December, 2020 held a three-day development of essential health services package technical working group workshop which ends today Thursday, 17th December, 2020 in Accra.

The workshop brought together many experts from almost all agencies under the Ministry of Health.

This Essential Health Services Package, (EHSP) is to be made progressively universally available to the Ghanaian populace between 2021 and 2030 within the framework of Ghana’s Universal Healthcare Coverage (UHC) Roadmap of 2019.

The specific objectives for this Technical Working Groups workshop are:
1. To review and appropriately revise, as may be necessary, the previous draft in the worksheet-UHC Package of Services which had been developed based predominantly on the MOH Package of Care (Draft 2016).
2. To provide technical advice, opinions and expertise towards prioritization and decision making in circumstances / situations where cost-effective, evidence-based services and interventions are lacking or unavailable.
3. Ensure draft EHSP is consistent with national policies, Ghana’s UHC Roadmap
4. To make a final draft of Ghana’s EHSP based on priority needs and cost-effectiveness and the life-course approach based on the domains of prevention (health promotion, education, preventive) and treatment (curative, palliative and rehabilitative) services and interventions. 

During the workshop, five Technical Working Groups were constituted to develop a domain-specific Essential Health Services Package. The five domains consist of:
1. Family Health (Maternal and Newborn; Child Health and Nutrition; Adolescent Health and Family Planning; Women’s Health; Men’s Health; Old Age)
2. Communicable conditions and risk factors (malaria; tuberculosis; HIV/AIDS; NTDs etc)
3. Non-communicable conditions and risk factors (Mental Health; Hypertension; Diabetes mellitus; Sickle Cell Disease; Cancers). Risk factor reduction (alcohol, tobacco, air pollution, balanced diet, physical activity--exercise, safe environment, WASH)
4. Health Emergencies (clinical and public health emergencies).
5. Cross-cutting areas (Leadership and management; Quality Services; Health Financing; Human Resource for Health; Health Information Management)

An EHSP Roadmap has been developed; an EHSP Steering Committee has been constituted to provide oversight and direction, while a list of priority services and interventions to address high-burden diseases, conditions, emergencies and risk factors for ill-health have been made through a consultative process.

And also, The Technical Working Groups critically looked at the promotive, preventive, curative, palliative and rehabilitative domains based on the life-course approach for the various levels of care (primary, secondary and tertiary).

The primary level of care consists of CHPS, Health Centre, District Hospital levels; the secondary level of care deals with the Regional Hospital; tertiary level is Teaching Hospital level.

The Essential Health Services Package of Ghana, an enabler for the attainment of Universal Health Coverage by 2030, is aligned to the Ghana’s Universal Health Coverage Roadmap and has two main objectives:

(i) To provide a framework which implementation allows all individuals and communities to have equitable access to quality essential health services without suffering financial hardships;
(ii) To assist the Government of Ghana and its Development Partners (DPs) to derive, to the extent possible, the best value-for-money by allocating limited resources based upon.

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