Governance of Force or Compromise: The Case of The 8th Parliament of The 4th Republic of Ghana.


Ghana since 1992 has reverted to the democratic system of government, amidst the coups that has featured in Ghana's democratic History from the first Republic in 1957 to the 4th Republic in 1992, with a winner take-all rulership kind of stewardship where the party that has won the presidential elections and parliamentary majority acquires the sovereign right to rule and make all political, institutional-including appointment of Judges and Socio-economic decisions. The case, though similar, seems to have taken a tragic turn in the 2020 general elections adding a bit of drama to our democratic history than is the norm.

History is a re-enactment of events. Every student of History knows this. In that regard, in 2012 when the NPP lost the elections, there was a court case spanning eight (8) long months in the supreme Court with no violence. It ended in the NPP losing the court case. We must note that the NDC had majority then in 2012. In 2016 NDC lost and handed over power peacefully. Fast forward to 2020, there's another presidential contention which has again been lodged at the supreme Court with a lot of other court cases and injunctions and counter injunctions of parliamentary results. But most interestingly is that there is no clear majority in this 8th Parliament. Thus, making the game a bit more interesting and complex than usual where the party with majority can easily pass any bill in parliamentary wether it is disastrous or not. 

This 8th Parliament is where we are going to understand real politics and the laws of power at play characterised by high level negotiations, compromise, consensus building or simply an outright punishment of the executive arm of government since they will need parliamentary approval in other to undertake most of their projects including running government machinery and the presidency. 

In times past, as we have just witnessed, when the NPP had majority, they simply bulldozed their way through even when there's evidence pointing to fraud in some deals brought to parliament like the "agyapa deal" etc henceforth, that can not be the case as it stands NPP seems to have the executive i.e the presidency which is still under contention and the NDC seems to have the legislature I.e Parliament. Thus, the question is, is this government that we have today going to be one of "governace of force where the NDC will bully the NPP through Parliament or compromise where the NDC will try to build consensus and compromise with the executive or its going to be an outright war where the NPP will have it tough?. Either ways this is going to be an interesting run of events in our political dispensation. I am just grabbing my cup of coffee waiting patiently to see how things will turn out in this four year long movie.

We must also consider the fact that there are still some parliamentary seats under contention by both the NPP and the NDC. the likelihood of any side winning has the chance to effect alot of things. If the NPP ends up with majority then what becomes of parliament? If the NDC also gets a majority then the NPP is in for the most difficult government in the History of Ghana. What if there is a re-run and the NDC wins or not. Eighter ways the most important thing that I will pick from all these is that power is transient. The poeples power is the real power. The will of the people always stands tall and that it is not in the interest of any privileged leader to undermine or subvert the will of the people I.e in the case of the Fomena MP. That the institutions exist to serve the people not a particular person or group of persons i.e in the case of the police, military. That most importantly,  the Ghanaian voter is wide awake and clearly understands his rights and duties as a citizen to uphold the constitution and liberties provided therein. That the road to the independence of this great nation should continue to be a blueprint and reminder to any politician or citizen who seeks to go into politics. That our individual and collective actions have consequences and the decisions we take today will have effects tomorrow.

Finally, it behoves on us to look within and build or compliment both strong institutions and individuals who occupy sensitive public and government positions whose decisions can have great impact on our democracy either for the better or for the worse. I.e in the case of the Auditor General, SP etc. It is paramount that we go beyond party or tribal discretions to looking at the bigger picture I.e our homeland Ghana, the doyen and trailblazzer of democracy in Africa. The black star or Africa. Again, I think you will agree with me that our democracy has recently come under serious test and we have proven to the world that indeed we are a peace loving people- the biggest selling point of Ghana to the world. That at any given point in time, we should and must resist the temptation of throwing away the beautiful peace, democracy, progress that we have build over time for anything else. That we must find a way of eschewing or resisting the temptation of  the bad nuts who may want to lead us on a treacherous path by being a bad example in the case of Hon. Carlos Ahenkora and one of the Marshals of Parliament. That we must exhibit good conduct and character in the case of our law makers in Parliament even though I did mischievously admire the NDC temerity of standing up to do what they thought was right to preserve and uphold the constitution, procedures and goodwill of the people they represent. We must also not fail to crack the whip where necessary and do a massive clean up of ourselves and our institutions especially in our security forces, judiciary and some other crooked institutions that have been bent to the whims and caprices of some selfish, self seeking nutmegs who only care about filling their pockets instead of contributing to raise the standards of living of the ordinary Ghanaian who put them in the positions of power they occupy. We have even proven to be a better and more matured democracy than the US. This begs the question that if democracy as boldly represented by the US can not boast of a sophisticated, transparent, trusted and satisfactory way of electing our leaders, I think that it is time we started looking at developing a better Ghanaian or African way of electing our leaders instead of this democracy as it has proven recently to ineffective with lots of flaws where people in power can bend processes in their favour.

Thus in the spirit of unity and peace, I urge both sides to work together. This is not the time for any side to want to pull anything out of their sleeves. They should also consider the national interest and reduce the expenditure of the Executive and the legislature i.e the ex-gratia.

I am content as I'm rendering this piece knowing that my heart is at peace for the mere knowledge that the new youth, generation when neccessary will fight for their liberation, freedom and justice from any oppressor or oppression. So help us God.

For God and country.

Chief Bukari Kuoru.

January 8th, 2021.


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