Massive Decline In Malaria Morbidity And Mortality In Ketu Municipality.


Story by Carlos Afanou

The year 2020 came with it own challenges affecting the day-to-day activities and the economy worldwide as far as COVID-19 is concerned. As a result of this pandemic, countries went on lockdowns and closed their borders. This development brought the economy and social life to a standstill.

 Though covid made things difficult, yet it contributed to the positive side of things like regular washing and sanitizing our hands, maintaining social distancing and reduced malaria cases. COVID-19 have similar symptoms as malaria like fever, body and head aches.

 According to the World Health Organization 2020 report on malaria, Ghana is one of the countries on track to achieve the Global Technical Strategy on malaria 2020 reaching a target of 40% reduction in malaria morbidity and mortality rate.

Malaria remains a major disease of public health concerns in Ghana and efforts in the control of the disease for the past two decades have show massive decline in morbidity and mortality rate.

In a case study in Ketu, a municipal district in Volta region of ghana, the municipal director of health service, Kwame Degley says there is a great decline in malaria cases in the municipal.

According to him, strict implementation of the test before treatment policy which implies that every suspected case of malaria must be tested to confirm before starting the treatment process has really contributed to the decline.

 As a result of this, 28,554 suspected cases were recorded from 2020 and 28,301 tested positive.

He also attributed the massive decline to the closure of the borders which makes it impossible for people from the neighboring country to access their  health facilities in the municipality. "Coming to other control measures in he municipality, we continue to distribute the insecticide mosquito net which we give to every antenatal registrants, children from six to twenty-four months, they are due for the rubela and measles vaccination.

 The malaria vaccines are given to children between six months to two years with the first, second, third and fourth doses given at six, seven, nine and twenty-four months respectively.

He also talked about 145 outreach points and provision of one treated net to two persons in every household.

He added that in cases where  children who misses any of the four doses of the malaria are  identified during revision of the registration list, the center calls or  visits them  at home to vaccinate them. The center also  utilizes  night outreach clinics, especially closer to the border, between the hours of four to eight in the evening to administer the vaccine to children whose parents trade in the neighboring town and are not able to come to the clinics at daytime.

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